We recommend beginners to play openings where they can apply the principle rules in the most appropriate way.
We should always keep in mind that a beginner first and most importantly needs to develop his or her basic skills in chess such as strategy and tactics, importance of the central squares, placing your pieces in active squares and ensuring king safety by castling.
These skills more or less has direct relation to the opening choice of a beginner and therefore we would recommend beginners to play open chess positions to encourage them learning different chess skills quickly and therefore playing first move 1. e4 will offer them a wide choice of opportunities to discover various tactical ideas and patterns but also to teach them how to calculate and evaluate in open positions where the stakes are higher.
One of the well known opening theme for beginners is given below
As you can see in the diagram, both white and black players have almost managed to develop their pieces as quickly as possible and in the next move the bishop on c1 square can either go to e3 or g5 and then white almost completed the opening stage successfully by developing all pieces in one move and not spending too much time by moving the same piece several times. The queen and rooks are then ready to take part in the game.
It is very common to see that beginners intend to play the same piece several times in a row in the opening which is not recommended at all. In addition, developing the queen, the strongest piece on the board, at the very early stages of the game is not recommended either, as this will create additional issues unless you are not a chess master. Even though there are openings like Scandinavian where you will be developing Queen as early as second move, this kind of openings are not really recommended for beginners.
As Tips4Chess team, we recommend you to play open positions which are most likely arising from 1.e4 openings such as italian opening, four knights opening or spanish opening.These types of openings will help you to learn fundemantals very quickly and also will help you to improve your chess in a shorter period of time.
Once you are able to demonstrate better skills in chess, you can start playing 1.d4 1.Nf3 or 1.c4 type of openings where you can deepen your understanding of the game of chess.